Guru Padmasambhava, the great Buddhist saint from the north-western part of India, is considered to have first introduced Buddhism into Sikkim. Guru Padmasambhava, the lotus born baby in swat valley in North west Frointer province of Pakistan popularly known as Guru Rimpoche, the precious master is revered through the Himalayan ranges as a second Buddha. It is uniformly in all the biographies of the of the Guru revealed by many Tertons that the Guru’s day of birth is held to be the 10th of the fifth month of Tibetan calendar, this day the tenth is called “The blessed day for the world and correlatively, the 10th day of every month of Tibetan calendar is observed as the Great Guru’s Day and the Tibetan call it ‘TSE-CHU’ which means “The tenth day”. He took birth eight years after Buddha’s Mahaparinivana. But the exact data about his birth is not available anywhere being contemporary with the Tibetan king Khvi-Srong ide-tsan and having helped in the establishment of Samya monastery in the year 749 A.D. It may be said that he was born during the first quarter of the Eight century A.D. He attainted deathless Siddhi through trantic practice and at the age of more 1000 years went to Tibet. This remark of Guru Padmasambhava is not based on the historical datas ,but based on the popular believes. Guru Padmasambhava, the great Buddhist saint from the north-western Forinter province of Pakistan, is considered to have first introduced Buddhism into Sikkim.

Tantrayana Buddhist saint known as Guru Padmasambhava paid a visit to Sikkim along with his 25 followers during his difficult search for hidden lands around the Tibet. The purpose of looking for Hidden lands was to prepare spiritual resorts for the Dharma, practitioners who would be taking a place or state of safety from danger or trouble in Sikkim. When the religious belief or spiritual environment is disturbed at the time in Tibet they were having very low moral standards age. The purpose of his journey was, as in the case of his visit to Tibet, to hide in caves and in other places, various books which he had compose for religious instruction of future generation, anticipating that Sikkim would become one day a citadel of Buddhism and that learned lamas would discover these hidden treasure of the Bhodi Dharma.

The great Guru Padmasambhava and his 25 followers made their very surprising visit to Tashiding (west Sikkim ) hill first and gave very importance and worthy of great respect to entire landscape while marking this hill as a landscape as a navel point of the sacred land (Dey-jong). The great Guru Padmasambhava and his 25 followers travelled in many parts of Sikkim (Dey-jongs) while identifying the place of worship and there by prevent sacred treasures in its caves, rocks, lakes streams so that his feature followers would reveal them and make use for the dharma in this blessed land.

There are many caves people still visit which this great master is believed to have used. Guru Rinpoche, as he is usually called, often speaks of Sikkim as a most religious powerful place. He says, “It is more powerful to mediate in Sikkim for one day than meditating for one year in an ordinary place.” Buddhism was formally established in Sikkim in the 17th century.

The school of Buddhism that is prevalent in Sikkim is usually called the Vajrayana mainly of Nyingma and Kagyu order. Vajrayana accepts and studies all aspects of Buddhism according to the tradition followed in the great Buddhist Universities such as Nalanda and Vikramashila.

As well as monasteries, Sikkim also has Drubdras, often in secluded places, where people go into continuous meditation for 3 years. There are also several Buddhist Academic Institutions where courses are offered on Buddhist philosophy. These are the places where the true living tradition of ancient wisdom is preserved.


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